This report presents the findings and recommendations of an ‘Operational Review of Exposure to Corrupt Practices in Humanitarian Aid Implementation Mechanisms in the DRC’, which was commissioned by the Humanitarian Country Team and the Joint Anti‐Fraud Taskforce. This joint effort was a response to the exposure of a year-long fraud case in the DRC in relation to a humanitarian cash‐based assistance programme, which highlighted the urgent need to better identify and respond to corrupt practices in humanitarian aid, including practices related to sexual exploitation and abuse (SEA) against recipients of aid.   

The operational review undertook primary and secondary data analysis, including consultations with 402 stakeholders (151 women and 251 men) representing a diverse group of actors involved in humanitarian crises in the DRC, including community members in aid receiving communities. Section 3 presents the findings of the Review, starting with an overview of corrupt practices and the legal context. This is followed by an analysis of corruption risks, their enabling factors and main prevention and mitigation measures for each stage of a project cycle. This is followed by a specific section on Protection against Sexual Exploitation and Abuse and organisational and humanitarian policies. This includes a review of approaches used by aid organisations for preventing and responding to SEA, including community feedback mechanisms such as hotlines, suggestion boxes and complaint tables during activities. The report concludes with recommendations related to prevention, identification, sanctions, and responses to corrupt practices in humanitarian aid, including related to SEA against community members (Section 5). 

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