The Theory of Change presented below is a visual diagram that demonstrates how the RSH programme will contribute to a series of changes at four distinct levels through its work at the country and global levels.

Please click through and listen to the interactive Theory of Change. You can read a script of the voice beneath the model.


Script of the voice over

We are going to walk you through the Safeguarding Resource and Support Hub programme Theory of Change.

The theory of change explains how we  see change happening in our programme and guides us in designing our activities.

A theory of change is a way for organisations to articulate the long-term change they envision, what needs to change and why.  It can be used for strategic planning, monitoring, evaluation and learning.

It is usually expressed as a diagram showing the causal pathways of change (e.g. inputs – interventions – outputs – outcomes – impacts), with an accompanying narrative.

The RSH theory of change outlines change at four distinct levels: Impact, Outcomes, intermediate outcomes and outputs. We will take you through those in turn.

On this page you see the first level of the theory of change. Our values are set out here on the left. The problem we are seeking to address – and which underpins our programme --  is at  the bottom.   Our impact statement is at the top . Three outcomes (dialogue, capacity and evidence) are in the centre. These outcomes all contribute to the impact level change.

The arrows on the diagram illustrate how each of the outcomes support one another to multiply the impact.  For example if you hover over this box you see that evidence stimulates dialogue while at the same time, dialogue builds evidence.   

Our values are listed on the left of the diagram.

The programme has identified a number of values which underpin the work we deliver and guide how we behave and interact with others.  These values are integral to the theory of change because they influence howthe change pathways interact. By respecting these values we will achieve more meaningful and sustainable impact.    

If you hover over the Values in the diagram, you’ll see that they are:

  • We strive to Do No Harm
  • We recognise intersectionality and are gender-sensitive
  • We are committed to education, reflection and action to address racism and to decolonise our development approaches
  • We value indigenous and local expertise
  • We value contributions from a diverse range of actors
  • We respect non-dominant narratives
  • We respect survivor voices
  • We believe in being responsible and accountable
  • We value mutual listening and learning
  • We value innovation and change

Next is a description of the problem we are addressing through the RSHub’s intervention.  Again you can view by hovering over ‘problem’ in the diagram.

These statements do not cover the challenge of SEAH in the aid sector overall, but instead focus in on the specific problems which the RSH programme is designed to respond to. These include:

  • Limited inclusive spaces for shared learning about SEAH in the aid sector and nervousness about sharing information about challenges in addressing SEAH for fear of losing funding
  • Lack of contextualised resources and expertise to support less-resourced CSOs to address SEAH capacity gaps and challenges
  • A disconnect between requirements for international standards on SEAH to be met and the practical realities of implementing them in challenging local contexts
  • A fragmented and limited evidence base, lack of intersectional analysis of SEAH as a form of GBV which is rooted in gender inequality and the abuse of power and privilege.

Both the identification of the problems and the values are central to how we have designed our programme and our intention for delivery.

Now we move on to explore the different levels outlined in the Theory of Change.

The first is the impact level change. This represents the wider changes supported by RSH which combine with other efforts across the aid sector to bring about longer term improvements.

We hope that by the end of the programme we will have contributed to :

Accelerated progress towards eliminating sexual exploitation, abuse and sexual harassment in the aid sector and restored trust in the international aid sector

Outcome level

The RSH programme is designed to contribute to three mutually reinforcing outcomes, which are shown here in the centre. Change at this level represents wider change within organisations as well as the wider aid sector. Interdependence between the outcomes is shown by the arrows which flow between them.

The outcomes also identify the primary audience for the programme. We anticipate a number of different organisations / sectors working in the aid sector will find the RSHub work useful. However, our primary audience is less-resourced CSOs, and we are targeting our interventions at these organisations.

By hovering over our DIALOGUE outcome, you see the change that the RSH programme seeks to achieve at this level:

  • Strengthened shared learning, consistency and coherence on what works to prevent and respond to SEAH across the sector in different contexts
  • The arrows which flow to this outcome come from both the evidence and capacity outcomes and illustrate how they contribute to the achievement of this

Moving along the diagram and clicking on the CAPACITY box reveals this outcome:

  • Less-resourced CSOs have improved skills to transform their organisational cultures, leadership and practices and are supported by partner organisations to do so

And finally EVIDENCE :

  • Stronger, more coherent evidence base on root causes and effectiveness of approaches to address SEAH

Click next at the top right to continue.

Intermediate outcomes

The next level of the Theory of Change explains the Intermediate Outcomes

At this level the focus is on individuals within organisations benefiting from their direct engagement with RSH.

We have four intermediate outcomes which contribute to the outcomes.  You can see how they contribute by following the arrows up to the outcomes boxes.   

So for example by clicking on the first intermediate outcome:

  • Collaboration across the aid sector among a diverse range of organisations supports learning from work on the ground and harnessing indigenous knowledge

Notice that the arrows light up to illustrate how that intermediate outcome contributes to the higher-level outcomes.

You can follow a similar process along the line of intermediate outcomes 

Staff within less-resourced CSOs, INGOs and donors and have increased knowledge of SEAH and understand how to adapt international standards in different contexts.

Donors and INGO staff understand the challenges faced by less-resourced CSOs in addressing SEAH and know how to support them.

Research teams in the aid sector better understand how they can contribute to filling evidence gaps in a safe and ethical way.

Click next at the top right to continue.


The final level of the Theory of Change is the outputs.

This level is the starting point for the delivery of the RSH programme. The programme is accountable for the achievement of the outputs.

Again the arrows show how the outputs contribute to the different levels in the Theory of Change. They first link to the Intermediate outcomes, then to the outcomes and finally to the impact level.

The output near the bottom of the diagram:

  • Latest evidence on the root causes of SEAH and what works to address it is collated, reviewed and communicated underpins and informs all of the other three outputs,
  • The other three outputs are:
    • Conversation and knowledge sharing on SEAH take place on the online hub and in-person events
    • Access to quality-assured SEAH service providers, training, resources and support
    • Key lessons and evidence gaps identified and shared with organisations across the aid sector

Click next at the top right to continue.

You can now see the entire diagram. It illustrates the pathways of change that occur at each level. Hover over any element of this diagram to show the interactions of the various components of the Theory of Change.

You can click on the download button at the top right to access a PDF version of the full Theory of Change model which you can print.


Safeguarding Essentials